Laser Eye Surgery
One can distinguish many different types of laser treatment. Laser treatment can be used to treat a number of eye diseases. Procedure varies from one case to another. For example, photocoagulation of the retinal periphery is recommended to treat pathologies that may lead to retinal detachment. If this is the case, laser treatment consists of "welding" the retina to the surface so that it remains in place. Pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP) is another type of laser surgery, which is performed if retina is damaged by diseases such as diabetes or retinal vein occlusion. This type of laser treatment is used only in the parts of the eye that are not responsible for vision. It cannot be performed, for example, in the macula. Selective laser trabeculoplasty or iridotomy are indicated to treat glaucoma. They consist of creating a hole on the edge of the iris. In some patients after cataract surgery, it is necessary to perform capsulotomy, which is indicated to treat posterior capsule opacification.
Laser has a broad scope of application in ophthalmology. It is used to treat retinal diseases, glaucoma, cataract or to remove eye scum.
Laser eye treatment is a safe procedure. Complications are usually not significant. They may include: pinching, blurred vision, sometimes stinging or foreign-body sensation.
No, it is painless, as it is performed under local anaesthesia administrated in the form of eye-drops.
In most laser eye surgeries, a special glass is placed on the eye or the eye is dilated; therefore, vision is worse for a few hours after the surgery.
The only contraindication for performing laser eye surgery is an active ocular surface inflammation.
No special care is required after the laser eye surgery. On occasions, ophthalmologist may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication.
No special preparation is required.
In most laser eye surgeries, a special glass is placed on the eye or the eye is dilated, causing temporary vision problems shortly after the surgery. Therefore, the capacity to work with a computer or drive a vehicle shortly after the surgery may be limited.